| If to look at a map it is possible to see how it is a lot of in our country of reservoirs. Except the seas, the rivers and lakes, there are thousand water basins, ponds, the rivers and rivulets in which fish is found. Its amateur catching is resolved to each citizen on all reservoirs, except some, stipulated by Rules of amateur fishery for various zones of the country.
The Fisher can use for this purpose fishing tackles of all kinds and systems, ёяшээшэу-"фюЁюцъѕ" mugs, zherlitsy, podpuski, peremety, a ship (a water dragon), kvok on a catfish, the coupled spinnings for catching in the top sheets of water on a live insect or on an artificial front sight.
Fishers not only fish, their debt and a duty – to protect it, to promote reproduction.
Number of the most ancient representatives ihtiofauny concern the Danube and Black Sea salmon, umbra and big chop, a ruff-nosar, a needle-fish, bull-calves and others. Approximately 20 percent of kinds of fishes have got into southern reservoirs from Chinese-flat, peredneaziatskogo and the Arctic complexes. An ego a gudgeon, gorchak, bystrjanka, shchipovka, nalim, trehiglaja stickle-back and others. There are fishes checkpoints - a pike perch, rybets, chehon, jaz. And as tuvodnye - leshch, a crucian, a tench, a pike, a gudgeon and others. About two tens years in reservoirs and the rivers the white cupid, a white and motley silver carp have well got accustomed, will acclimatise bester, buffalo, channel somik and others.
On character of a food of fish are subdivided into peace fishes and predatory. Even in the same family there can be fishes the most various. For an example we take at least karpovyh fishes. They differ under the form. Uzkotelye fishes - leshch, sinets, gustera. Nizkotelye fishes - chehon, a gudgeon. On a food: (ukleja - planktofag, podust - detritofag, leshch - bentofag, a silver carp and a white cupid - rastitelnojadnye fishes, a sazan - fish omnivorous).
Each fish is a separate, independent world. There are fishes who throw caviar not in a warm season, and in the winter. One throw infinite quantity of caviar, others - it is not enough. Caviar of some fishes freely floats in water, at others it is attached to plants and subjects, at the third - is postponed for a bottom in special nests. One fishes assiduously protect the caviar and vykljunuvshihsja malkov, and others there and then devour berries. Usually those fishes who throw hundred thousand and even millions berries, after spawning consider the care of posterity settled. At what has reserved calves is more modest, as a rule, protect it, protect, care of posterity, so to say, to jaselnogo and sadikovogo age malkov that is until they will not begin an independent way of life. Also that is interesting, at many fishes the care of building of a nest and posterity is incurred not by a female, and the male. In the device of nests, care of posterity of fish show not only diligence and diligence, but also surprising foresight, resource and simply ingenuity. There are fishes whom, otnerestivshis and having given a life to posterity, perish. And there are fishes – "ъѕъѕ°ъш" which parental cares charge others. For example, to many fishers well-known a fresh-water small fish gorchak, widely used by them in quality zhivtsa for catching of predatory fishes. And so this gorchak also is typical "ъѕъѕ°ъющ" the small fish postpones the caviar in a bowl in a branchiate cavity river perlovits, bezzubok.
From the point of view of amateur fishery, fish are subdivided into three basic groups. Fishes concern the first group, lov which is for whatever reasons forbidden. The second group includes fishes who can be caught. The third group includes the fishes used in quality zhivtsa, i.e. Small, weed. The short characteristic of some fishes is more low resulted.