So, we already know, what fish can be caught, than and as. It is necessary to answer a question: where, on what sites of reservoirs and the rivers it keeps during this or that time of days and year more often? The knowledge of it will help the fisher to choose the most suitable place ashore. However, often happens so that it is not necessary to think of a place choice. When the coast is free, fishers usually settle down there where it pure, equal and nothing prevents to throw fishing tackles. And still fishers should know features of this or that reservoir, its bottom, underwater vegetation, external signs of "fish" places, places where there are springs, and other.
It is known that in the winter in the rivers, on a current, fish behaves more actively, than in stagnant water as the oxygen mode there is better. For catching choose places with a weak and average current, is closer to coast and on reaches. In lakes, ponds and water basins fish gathers and, hence, pecks there where also there is a current. And it happens in places of a confluence of the rivers, small rivers and streams there where water follows from reservoirs. In water basins - lengthways on the flooded channel and on all water area - during a spillway through a dam. On channels - about sluices. The success of fishing is provided also with good knowledge of biology and habits of fishes on what the correct choice of a place, time, tackles and nozzles depends.
The Dwelling of a catfish are deep places, whirlpools, korjazhniki. It conducts "a settled" way of life. With darkness approach leaves on hunting, then comes back in "house". Fishing tackles should be put near to such places. Same concerns and to nalimu. A bleak, chehon prefer the top sheets of water. Other fishes, such as a tench, a crucian, "lodge" on oozy places, a pike - in an ambush near grass or cane thickets, a pike perch - at a sandy and stony bottom.
On small sandy places of a forage it is not enough and small fish does not keep, so, there there is nothing to do and to a predator. However at night, in the evening and in the morning there comes in search of food molod, involving in itself of predators. On small places fish keeps at vegetation and among it. In the afternoon in summer heat when water at coast strongly gets warm, fish leaves in depth, and during cool time comes back to shoal. In the summer, in a heat when the biting weakens, it is necessary to search for fish on sites of reservoirs where there are springs, and also in water where the hung trees create a shade and where from them in water insects fall.
There is no fish on sites to a strong current where an equal pure bottom, the forage are not present and to live to it difficultly. It is necessary to search for it in creeks, at rifts, stones, the snags, the sunk trees, various ledges, roughnesses of a bottom, in holes and old channels of small rivers. In such places fish has a rest or, having hidden, waits extraction. A lot of fish accumulates under rafts, at bridges, old piles, landing stages, dams and falls where always there are shelters and a plentiful forage. She leaves those places where water strongly "blossoms", that is start to breed and die off the smallest seaweed roughly. Fishes are not present and in boggy places - the considerable quantity of the rests of plants and other organic substances at which decomposition a lot of oxygen is spent there accumulates.
During recession of water fish feels anxiety and pecks badly. However in places of constant cyclic liftings and falls of water levels she gets used to changes and pecks well. At increase of a water level fish leaves on shoal, on places filled in with water, where a lot of a various forage. In strongly overgrown pond or lake it is necessary to search for it on border of water thickets and at its finest. Fish also keeps and near vegetation islets. In the summer after strong rains when in reservoirs dirty water arrives from ravines, and also in the spring the nozzle should be thrown in a high water on border of muddy and light water.
Practice shows that the good biting happens in ustjah small rivers or streams. Usually fish is below a mouth of the river running into other river, and on either side of a mouth of the river running into lake. In small small rivers fish should be caught from coast flat, a nozzle to throw to other coast, on depth. Well it is caught at abrupt river bank where there are whirlpools, and also at the washed away coast. If the river bank naked, fish keeps there where there are shelters: water plants or something another.
There is also one more known rule which observance promotes success of fishing. On deep small river it is necessary to catch there where it more small, and on small, - where it is deeper. On wide small river it is necessary to catch, where it already, and on narrow, - where it is wider. There the stern, and, hence, and fishes most of all accumulates.
Recently in the fishing literature there was a term "temperature jump". The phenomenon designated by this term, arises in thicknesses of water at its movement, and not only in the river, but that it is important to know, and in the closed reservoirs, ponds, lakes. Well-known that the water temperature on various depth does not happen identical. In very hot solar weather because of weak heat conductivity of water only its top layer well gets warm. Warm water is easier cold, and during a calm it a thin layer settles down from above. The difference of temperatures of the top and bottom sheets of water also is temperature jump. Such jumps in the same reservoir can be a little. Their formation is influenced by various factors: reservoir size, depth, a bottom and coast relief, and also a wind and, hence, presence on the bank of afforestations, slopes and the mountains protecting from it a reservoir.
Temperature jump is directly connected with oxygen jump, more truly, the second depends on the first. In a calm weather when water does not mix up, the oxygen maintenance in water at its different levels variously. In warm weather if there is a wind it drives along a reservoir or from coast to coast the layer top, heated-up, easier and well sated with oxygen, thus cold water from a bottom rises to a surface. In that party where the wind blows, the water enriched by oxygen, reaches a bottom. The warm layer brings on a bottom not only oxygen, but also a various forage from a water surface. In such place also it is necessary to search for fish.
At a sharp cold snap the top layer will be cooled, and bottom will be warmer, therefore water hashing goes to a calm in a vertical direction; warm water rises, cold - falls. Enrichment by oxygen goes in regular intervals, means, and it is necessary to search for fish on all reservoir, especially in feeding places. At a cold snap and a wind it is necessary to search for fish not at that coast where the wind blows and drives cold water, and at opposite coast.
The Fishers well informed on a condition of an oxygen mode of this or that site of a reservoir, always can define, where at present there is a fish. In the afternoon when water is well sated by oxygen everywhere, fish also is everywhere and mainly there where there is a forage, places for shelter and rest. In the evening, at night and in the morning when in the bottom layers of oxygen becomes less, fish goes to coast and on small places: there is both a forage and oxygen.
In the Autumn and in the winter there where there is no ice, the oxygen and temperature mode is counterbalanced on all thickness of water. The top sheet of water sated with oxygen, is cooled, becomes heavy and falls on a bottom. And so repeats until all water will not accept identical temperature - plus 4°С. As water in the bottom layers became heavy, the top layer, colder, does not circulate any more, and freezes, turning to ice. After ledostava oxygen receipt in water stops and if in a reservoir there are no springs, streams or small rivers do not run into it, fish can be lost from oxygen starvation. In search of oxygen it goes to coast where there are canes and other plants through which in water oxygen arrives. Near coast under ice water always more richly oxygen, here bursts ice is more often, passing air, the water enriched by oxygen from a coastal ground here arrives. If there are in a reservoir springs or inflows their water, as a rule, floods hollows and crinkles. There fish also keeps, there it and catch. At deficiency of oxygen in water in the winter fish often rises to ice, to lunkam where it also find skilled udilshchiki. In the spring and to thaw when warm water arrives under ice and falls on a bottom, the biting of fish is especially intensive.
It is useful for Each fisher to conduct supervision on fishing, to write down them, to systematise that will allow it to save up knowledge of reservoirs, of a life of fishes, plants and other water inhabitants.
The Knowledge, for example, seaweed and water plants will allow the fisher to define quickly where also what fish lives at present. Plants serve fish as a place of a laying of caviar, an ambush for an attack, a refuge and a forage. For many peace fishes they serve as the basic forage. There are fishes who eat them only in the beginning of the life, and then pass to animal forages. Others eat plants all life, but not all year long. Krasnoperka, for example, eats mainly vegetation, and in the autumn - mosquito larvae, ruchejnika and other insects in the summer. The silver carp eats exclusively a phytoplankton, microseaweed, a white cupid - the higher vegetation, and not only water, but also land, jumping out of water and sufficing a hanging down branch of a tree or other plant. The cupid uses in food elodeju which other fishes avoid. Many not eaten rigid water plants also involve fishes, on them they collect grazed various molluscs, larvae, rachkov. In such thickets it is possible to catch a pike, a pike perch, a perch, a ruff. And also a carp, a sazan, leshcha, a crucian, small fry, jazja, krasnoperku and any other fish. Especially fishes like to keep in thickets rdesta, uruti, rogoza. These plants allocate a lot of oxygen and serve as food to water organisms and fish.