We Will try to list and at least shortly to tell about some fishes who, in our opinion, could become objects of installation and cultivation in ponds of collective using of sadovo-garden co-operative societies or a personal plot. From among sturgeon if it will be possible to you to get in rybhozah where plant bestera, it is possible to plant some copies for cultivation and supervision. Also as experiment it is possible to plant iridescent a trout , a pike perch and even a sterlet . Industrial fish breeders have a cultivation wide experience in prudovyh sterlet conditions. At landing to cultivation from calculation of 1500 individuals on hectare to three-year age everyone reaches of 36 sm at length and weight - 150 Try to be engaged also you in a sterlet. And it is even better - besterom , it is less whimsical to food and a habitat.
It is possible to instal and a pike perch which we know, first of all, as vysokodelikatesnuju fish, fish breeders - as very whimsical, demanding special conditions. On the ecology is a thermophilic fish. As scientists-ichthyologists have found out, the water temperature in places of its dwelling should not fall more low 6 6,5 and rise above 26 27°С. Out of these borders molod a pike perch perishes. And for adult pike perches in the summer water should not exceed 29°С. There are certain requirements also to the maintenance of oxygen, free carbonic acid and to other components of quality of the water which infringement the pike perch does not transfer.
the Pike perch - the predator, conducts mainly single way of life. In flights gathers in wintering and spawning. Adheres to open spaces. The male of a pike perch builds nests, and after ikrometanija, up to vyklevyvanija larvae protects them. And protects long: depending on temperature caviar develops from three-four days to 10 and even - 20 and more days. Thus the pike perch by means of fins creates a water current, releases them from ilovyh deposits and provides favorable conditions for breath. Larvae of a pike perch unlike other fishes after vykleva are some more days in slaborazvitom a condition. Only to five, to six-day age at them the oral aperture opens, and they start to distinguish a forage. Larvae keep in thickness of water and only in 15-18 days they get ability to do throws. The pike perch quickly grows: for a year reaches length of 30 sm and weight 380 g, for three years - 54 sm and Eat it all year long 2400. At weight in kg eats for a year of fish of 6-10 kg and adds in weight of 0,6 1 kg. For cultivation of a pike perch from lichinochnogo increased year to it 300 pieces accessible in the sizes molodi other fishes are necessary. Experts advise: for maintenance of intensive growth of its pike perch it is necessary to put from calculation of 150 200 larvae on hectare of the water area and at maintenance with their five thousand copies of weed fish. Here from this also it is necessary to proceed to prudovodam-fans at the question decision: to instal a pike perch in the pond or not.
the Pike is a gluttonous predator. Keeps among vegetation, in places where it is possible to arrange ambushes. nerestitsja begins after ice opening in February-April on small places among a different grass. A sexual maturity reaches on the third-fourth year of a life. Fruitfulness from 14 to 35 thousand berries, and with the years - still big. If to provide with a corresponding forage some pikes can be held even in priusadebnom to a pond.
Zhereh - large enough fish, a predator. In its house conditions it is difficult to provide with conditions of dwelling and a forage, therefore, we believe, it does not represent interest for priusadebnogo fish culture. However it can approach for larger collective reservoirs.
the Perch - also a predator. But it quite is worthy. For it is very unpretentious and undemanding to a habitat. Lives flights. In flights fishes of one age steal up. Lives more often among vegetation near coast, at snags, among roughnesses of a bottom, various ledges, breakages. The perch conducts a day way of life and eats only during light time. It also needs to be considered to prudovodam-fans. The perch all year long intensively eats. In malkovom age eats a zooplankton, and in more adult - molodju fishes, does not neglect also the colleagues. The sexual maturity attacks the fourth year, at five years' age of length of 28 sm and weight 600 g, average fruitfulness - about 60 thousand berries on the average reaches. nerestitsja in the early spring, caviar postpones for plants in the form of a long grid. To grow up and plant it in any pond it is simple. And though the perch in some cases in collective and house ponds is undesirable (especially if in them live malki valuable fishes), it nevertheless can be good independent object prudovodstva.
the Catfish . From family somovyh it is possible to plant quite channel somika and even an ordinary catfish in spite of the fact that it happens very big sizes. It is possible even to wait its natural reproduction in the conditions of a pond as a sexual maturity it reaches on the fifth year of a life at weight of 1600 At this time it can give to 80 thousand berries. nerestitsja the catfish in deaf places among water vegetation 25 40 see depth Caviar throws usually in April-June. Its caviar large - to 3 mm in diameter, postpones it it in nests which builds of vegetation, it is possible for it to put and artificial nests. Segoletki a catfish under natural conditions by the end of June have length about 12 sm and weight - nearby 18 g, dvuhletki accordingly - 25 and 135, trehletki - 37 and 430. By the nature a catfish - a typical predator. In stomachs of 12-daily allowances malkov already found molod fishes. In prudovyh its conditions it is possible to feed as a live forage, a fish and meat waste, meat of cockleshells, the fish bought in shops, other products. Hence, your catfishes will not starve also their age indicators should differ from river to the best. However, we will make a reservation at once: if you all the same have solved in a pond of your sadovo-garden co-operative society or the enterprise to lodge predators before it to make, it is necessary to take care of creation for them a good forage reserve. It is necessary to find out, first, - where you for them will catch the fish trifle and other live organisms and as them to deliver in a pond as a forage. Secondly, it is necessary to occupy a pond the live forage, the different small fish who is not concerning trade kinds: European evdoshkoj or umbroj, fresh-water tjulkoj or a sprat, a minnow, a crucian, a bleak, stickle-back of three and a nine-needle.
In a pond it is possible to plant verhovku . It also is very unpretentious to a habitat and to food. It is possible to feed with slices of bread, rolls, and also motylem, worms, dafnijami and other water organisms. As "fodder" fish the bleak, too riding fish will approach also. However for it very pure water with oxygen enough is necessary. It selects insects falling in water. A ground small fish is the minnow. She is very beautiful and unpretentious small fish. In number prudovyh vselentsev can be and it is good to us a familiar gudgeon, also a ground small fish. It is possible to grow up goltsa, small bescheshujnuju a small fish. The mouth of this small fish is surrounded by six short moustaches. It is necessary to feed with the most various animal food, especially water organisms, hearts and another.