There are special cargoes for fishing on an oil cake. The sunflower oil cake is especially good, it name makuhoj. These cargoes do in the form of a lead ring, a plate or flat lead rogulki. Through cargoes passes a through aperture for a scaffold. The scaffold comes to an end with a loop in which the oil cake piece is inserted and tightened square or other forms. In oil cake corners are stuck or inserted into in advance sawn through flutes, or the drilled apertures, hooks. Karpovye fishes, having found at the bottom an odorous oil cake, start it to gnaw, suck round. At this time also swallow hooks or cling to them a lip. In donke, equipped with cargo-rogulkoj, hooks should be stuck in the corners of an oil cake opposite from cargo. At zabrose donki, cargo by inertia as though approaches under an oil cake and lays down on a bottom below an oil cake, hooks remain above. At other cargoes hooks should be stuck in different corners of an oil cake as it is not known how it will lay down on a reservoir bottom.
Sinkers - feeding troughs for donki
There are the cargoes supplied pruzhinkoj. Pruzhinka is necessary that it served as a skeleton for a piece of the test, bread, porridge. At zabrose donki in water, porridge, thus, is kept and by inertia does not scatter in the parties. In water the bait keeps longer, is not washed away and not scattered by fish. Hooks or hide in porridge, or stick out of it, preventing to eat round fish porridge. In any case one of hooks appears in the fish mouth. Sometimes hooks are not stuck in porridge, they freely lie at the bottom, stuck round by the same porridge either supplied with hearts or other nozzle. Forms of such cargoes happen different. For small donok, for example, cargo make of metal stoppers from bottles. In stoppers do apertures for a scaffold, put in them pruzhinki and fill in with lead. Excellent cargo-feeding trough turns out. In practice the set of kinds of cargoes-feeding troughs - how many fishermen is used, it is so much and inventions, finds. To what cargo to prefer - the fisher will solve. However use "spoon" because of simplicity of manufacturing more often. Do it so: a wire spiral put in a table spoon and fill in with the fused lead. In the fallen asleep lead punch or bore through an aperture for a scaffold. If to put on a spoon in the necessary direction a bicycle spoke (or a wire), then to fill in lead, that, having pulled out from just hardened lead a spoke, at once receive an aperture. A spiral fill with bread, the test or porridge. Hooks, nearby, supply with an independent nozzle or stick in the feeding trough dough. However, the fisher, loving to make, can make any cargo.
Sometimes do combined donki, equip with their adaptation under an oil cake and the second adaptation with pruzhinkoj under porridge. One hooks stick in an oil cake, others - in porridge, the third - is free on leads take places nearby. A nozzle on them - worms, molluscs and others.
But it is already a little similar to sports tackle.
We Will make some specifications concerning leads. Their thickness depends on that fish whom we are going to catch. Sometimes they happen is more thin the basic scaffold, in other cases if not more thickly is much stronger. On donke-karasevke - leads are more thin, their length - 10-15 see Length of a lead under zhivtsa should be more - 30 sm, a thickness - the same, as the basic scaffold. The pike perch, even very large, has not a bite leads. However for large hishchnitsy - the pikes, some fishers adhere the leads made of strings from musical instruments or a telephone wire to an ice. Leads under an oil cake or for the cargo equipped pruzhinkoj for porridge, do of kapron threads in length 5-10см.
Some words about hooks for catching of predatory fish by means of circles, zherlits and other tackles. In the various literature double and especially threefold hooks, difficult mnogokrjuchkovye snastochki are persistently recommended. Many fishers use unary hooks at all ways of catching of predatory fish. Ulovy even more richly - unary hooks of a predator frighten of it less, besides to pull out them much easier.
Donka with an elastic band: and - an elastic band; - cargo-anchor; in - a float regulating an arrangement of hooks on different depth; g - an anchor buoy-index of the location of cargo-anchor; d - an arrangement of leads
Donka with the rubber shock-absorber. last years has found a wide circulation new, incorporated advantages of many fishing tackles donka, supplied with the rubber shock-absorber. At first this tackle seemed the tool injurious lova, but then practice has shown that in it there is nothing terrible., For example, this tackle by the efficiency cannot suit the poacher, to fair fishers-fans it to liking. It it is possible to fish, for example, without disturbing other fishers as the tackle is thrown for all period of catching once. Older persons had an opportunity to fish, sitting on a stool. Besides, donka it is good at fishing in reservoirs with the big coastal shoal where fish poplavochnoj a fishing tackle not to catch.